Curriculum by Grade


​​Grade 1

Academic work is introduced to the first grade child through movement, stories, and the arts. Teachers cultivate a spirit of reverence and joy in learning that children will carry through the grade school years and beyond. Stories, poetry, and songs bring language lessons to life. Children create their first writing and arithmetic books. Mental math practice begins in first grade and continues through the grades. The rhythm of the day includes plenty of outdoor time and opportunities for artistic expression.


Language Arts (Hindi and English)

Pictorial introduction of the alphabet

Handwriting (upper and lower case letters for English)

Oral storytelling

Group recitation of poetry and verse

Class play (group voice)



Quality of numbers (1 to 12)

Numerals from 1 to 100 (counting forwards and backwards, writing)

Multiplication tables: 2, 3, 5, 10

Odd and even numbers

Four mathematical processes: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

Beginning mental math


Seasonal and nature stories

Exploration of nature

Gardening: tending a plot, growth cycles of plants, and harvest seasons

Weekly visits to an animal farm

Form Drawing

Straight and curved lines, spirals

Standing forms

Running forms



Introduction of vocabulary through stories

Kindling a love for the language through recitation of poetry, songs, and stories

Conversation and role plays for building comprehension and practicing speech



Simple songs related to the main lesson block, nature songs; group singing

Introduction to the pentatonic flute (good habits for rendering music, listening skills, playing a simple melody)


Fine Arts: Wet-on-Wet watercolour painting

Painting with primary colours to explore the quality of each colour



Craft knitting needles

Knitting (cast-on, knit, count rows, change colors, cast-off, and sew pieces)



Social and cooperative games based upon nature stories (no child gets excluded)

Tagging (with multiple taggers), circle, movement, string, and clapping games

Jumping rope, balancing, and rhythm exercises



Grade 2


Language arts (Hindi and English)

Form and beauty in handwriting (introduce English cursive writing)

Stories, poetry, verses and tongue twisters

Beginning composition

Spelling, punctuation, capitalization (English)

Phonetic work with Hindi vowels (sandhi and sanyuktakshar)

Introduction to the parts of speech: nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs

Group reading

Class play (group voice)



Practice the four operations: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division

Place value

Multiplication tables

Carrying and borrowing

Mental math


Seasonal and nature stories

Exploration of nature

Gardening: tending a plot, growth cycles of plants, and harvest seasons

Weekly visits to an animal farm


Form Drawing

Symmetrical forms (vertical and horizontal)

Inward and outward spirals

Form transformations



Building vocabulary through stories

Continued recitation of poetry, songs, and stories

Conversation and role plays for building comprehension and practicing speech



Songs related to the main lesson block (example, bhajan for story of Kabir); group singing

Songs on the pentatonic flute


Fine Arts: Wet-on-wet Watercolour Painting

Creating secondary colours

Balancing colours

Complementary colours

Close colours (blue-violet, red-orange)



Perfect knitting skills of First Grade (learn purling, adding and reducing stitches, correcting mistakes)

Beginning crochet



Cooperative games based on a story; transformational (no child gets excluded)

Beginning ball games

Jump ropes, balancing and rhythm activities


Grade 3


Language Arts (Hindi and English)

Reading and writing practice

Parts of speech

Spelling and punctuation

Speech and recitation of poetry

Stories of ancient and indigenous people

Class play (group and individual voices)


Introduction of long division and multiplication

Practice with addition and subtraction and expanded use of place value

Reading clock time


Monetary calculations


Study of farming, agriculture, including cultivation of grain, cycles of composting, crop rotation, and animal husbandry

Study of local natural resources

Social Studies

Stories of creation from ancient cultures around the world

Geography introduced with question of how human beings learn to life on the earth. Study of shelters through time and around the world with attention to indigenous people and to the natural resources of the immediate environment

Study of farming and agriculture

Systems of money and time explored

Form Drawing

Working with free forms – discovering a corresponding shape to a given form

Exercises that lead to imaginative work with spaces within or outside a given form

Complicated symmetry work involving the horizontal diagonal axes


Verses, songs, and oral lessons strengthen comprehension and speaking

Understanding of complex commands

Use of complex vocabulary and in complete sentences


Musical notation introduced for recorder playing

Singing in parts

Songs related to the main lesson block


Fine Arts: Wet-on-wet Watercolour Painting

Exploring the polarity of light and darkness

Introduction to shading

Colour wheel



Crochet in organic yet mathematical sequencing patterns: chain stitch, single and double stiches, and crochet in the round

Continued practice hand sewing; making the first piece of garment or market bag



Historical games from around the world; tagging games; relay races; handball games; free and imitation movement activities

(Ages 1 – 2.5 years)

Grade 4

Language Arts (Hindi and English)

Spelling, writing composition, and cursive writing (English)

Grammar: all parts of speech, punctuation

Daily speech, dramatic, or poetic recitations (alliterative poetry) support literacy, language development, and reading comprehension,

Class readers and summer reading build reading comprehension and complement the curriculum

Class play (individual voices)



Fractions: addition, subtraction, multiplication and division; reduce and expand; improper fractions to mixed number fractions. Emphasis on creating parts from a whole with experiential lessons.

Prime numbers and square number; exploration of factoring patterns.

Long multiplication and long division

Times tables table practice, in and out of sequences.

Word or situation problem followed by practice problems



Comparative zoology: exploration of physical forms of humans and the animal kingdom.

Observation of characteristics, writing, and artistic rendering of animals. Archetypal animals explored: keen-eyed eagle, fiery lion, and powerful bull.


Social Studies

Local geography: mapping of the classroom, school, neighborhood, home, city, and state

Local history: the legendary capital Indraprastha, early Hindu rulers, Central Asian invasions, British period

Geography and sciences are linked in the study of animals, plants, and minerals.


Form Drawing

Mastery of braided and knotted forms



Reading, writing, and grammatical concepts are introduced in the transition from spoken word of earlier grades.

Verb conjugations and syntax introduced; vocabulary expands

Oral language practice continues: simple questions and answers to complete sentences; individual recounting of a story

Students develop simple sentences in short compositions; read and report on several topics



Singing in two-part rounds

Recorder practice in parts


Fine Arts

Painting and drawing compositional work expands and reflects the curriculum



Embroidery is introduced in handwork (north Indian styles)

Continued lessons in sewing, including cross-stitch; practice in design symmetry

Deepening practice with sculpture

Exploration of local crafts



Games with traditional and ancient North Indian origins

Social and cooperative games; tagging games; relay races; ball games; throwing skills

Basic rock and rope-climbing skills

Circus art such as jumping, juggling, and balancing activities

Grade 5

Language Arts (Hindi and English)

Spelling, writing composition

Grammar: direct and indirect speech, active and passive verbs, prepositional phrases, paragraph structure

Daily speech, dramatic, or poetic recitations (Greek hexameter)

Class readers and book reports

Research, writing, and oral presentations

Class play


Review four basic mathematical with at least two-digit numbers

Mastering of fractions and introduction to decimals, and relationships between the two

Mental math practice

Number patterns such as Sieve of Eratosthenes for finding primes

Free-hand geometry

Area and perimeter



Plants observed over time and in relation to their natural environment

Exploration of formative forces of the plant world: expanding in the flowers; contracting in the root; balancing between intake of water and nutrient in the leaves and the elimination of gases.

Monocotyledon and dicotyledon plants, fungi, algae, and mosses, and investigate how climate and geography affect plant growth.


Social Studies

Geography of India

Ancient civilizations of India, Persia, Mesopotamia, Eygpt, and Greece.



Comprehension and re-telling of stories, incorporating outlined vocabulary

Grammar and syntax practiced: sentence agreement and beginning conjugation of regular verbs

Summarize stories in writing (group or individually) with clarify, verbal expression, extension, and organizational skills.



Singing in rounds and multiple voices

Recorder practice in parts


Fine Arts

Painting and drawing compositional work expands and reflects the curriculum



Knitting in the round using four double-pointed needs to make socks and hats.

Concentration and mathematical skills deepened

Combinations of purls, knits, slips, and other stitches to control shape and design.


Themed games based on Ancient Greece, India, and other cultures

Pentathlon event training: javelin, discus, wrestling, running

Grade 6

Language Arts (Hindi and English)

Grammar review, conditional sentences

Daily speech, including prose recitations

Independent readers, including historical fiction and biographies

Class play

Curriculum projects: research, report, artistic project, and presentation skills



Abstract formulas introduced

Business math: banking and investment, taxes, commissions

Geometry: geometric drawings (compass and straight edge introduced), terminology, relationship of circles, triangles, and polygons

Pythagorean Theorem and applications


Physics: acoustics, optics, thermodynamics, magnetism, and static electricity

Astronomy: observation from a geocentric point of view, stars and constellations, sun, and moon

Geology: physical structure of the earth, India's geologic diversity; types of rock formations and the rock cycle; common minerals and crystalline structures; water cycles and erosion


Social Studies

Geography: Physical geography of the world

History: Ancient Rome, Middle Ages in Europe and India


Reading fluidity and comprehension

Poetry recitation

Grammar and syntax: mastery of regular and some irregular verb conjugations in present text; sentence agreement

Conversational practice: asking questions and describing situation



Singing in rounds and multiple voices

Recorder practice in parts

Unmetered music of Gregorian chants


Fine Arts

Introduction of charcoal and chalk pastels

Introduction of calligraphy - brush and pen

Wet-on-wet painting techniques expanded



Creation of sewn stuffed animal: bear, big cat, or elephant.


Practice with tools: saws, rasps, gouge and mallet, spoke shave, draw knife, drills, and carving knife; finishing techniques

Creation of spoons, bowls, and small boxes


Fitness training, track meet training

Warm up exercises, skill development activities, and stretching